Flores Island

The island of Flores is located in the Azores Western Group, on the North American Plate and the largest of the islands that make up that group. It covers an area of 141.7 km², mostly made up of mountainous terrain, characterized by large ravines and gigantic cliffs. The highest point of the island is Morro Alto, to 914 meters of altitude. The resident population of 3793 inhabitants (2011), being split by the municipalities of Santa Cruz and Lajes das Flores. It is often regarded as the westernmost point of Europe (if included part of the Azores in the North American Plate) and one of the most beautiful of the archipelago, covering up of thousands of blue-colored hydrangeas that divide the fields along the roads on the banks of rivers and ponds.

The islands of the Azores Western Group – Flores and Corvo – were found in 1452, when the return of Diogo exploration travel Teive and his son, John Teive, Newfoundland. Early next year, January 20, 1453, Afonso V of Portugal made the donation of the islands of “Raven Marini” to his uncle, Alfonso I, Duke of Braganza. This donation document is not mentioned the island of Flores, since, at the time, did not have a name. However this was the island donated since the Crow was at the time considered only an attachment islet at first. The islands would later be donated to Henry the Navigator, Master of the Order of Christ, who, in his will, appointing as the island of St. Thomas and the island of Santa Iria. With his death pass into the Infante D. Fernando, Duke of Viseu.

The current place names “Flowers”, in use since in 1474 or 1475, due to the abundance of yellow flowers, “goldenrod” (“Solidago sempervirens”) that covered the coast of the island, the seeds of which were possibly brought by birds migration from the Florida peninsula, in North America.

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